One of the useful features Chrome has had for a long is text prediction. When you start to search for something Google attempts to predict what you are looking for. This works for not only keywords but also for previous URLs that you may have visited.
The toggle for preloading webpages in the current build of Chrome (88) can be found under:
Settings > Privacy and security > Cookies and other site data
Well of course Google is tracking it all in a database. You can find it at the following path:
C:\Users\<USERNAME>\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Network Action Predictor
data\data\com.android.chrome\app_chrome\Default\Network Action Predictor
We don't get specific timestamps on when a hit was registered but we do get insight into what the user was typing out to get to a specific keyword or search. We also get the amount of hits and misses that specific URL receives. If a predicted URL is clicked on we get a hit added to the count. At this time I'm not exactly sure how long this data is retained.
The database consists of 4 tables, two of which are of interest include:
"Network_action_predictor" table contains the prediction information with text the user types, the URL that would be clickable and offered, and then the counts of hits and misses.